Asthma Allergy Immunology

Asthma Allergy Immunology

2009, Vol 7, Num, 1     (Pages: 003-010)

Studies on atmospheric aerofungi in Turkey and using methods

Talip ÇETER 1, Nur Münevver PINAR 2,

1 Kastamonu Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, Kastamonu, Türkiye
2 Ankara Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye

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As known well, the number of the microscopical fungi spores suspended in the atmosphere varies within a range from 20.000 to 2 million and they cause allergic reactions including asthma at some inhabitants. Some of the recent studies on those aerospores found in Turkey focused on identification of the spores collected using different methods. Gravimetric and volumetric methods were used for this purpose. Two procedures such as petri plate gravitational method and Durham trap are used in gravimetric method, while Burkard or Lanzoni traps are used in volumetric method. Some genera (Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Penicillium, Fusarium, Rhizopus, Alternaria, Mycelia and Scrohulariopsis) were observed dominantly using by petri plate gravitational method in some cities; Ankara, Edirne, Eskişehir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir, Manisa, Samsun and Trabzon. The samples collected in Aksaray, Antalya, Burdur, Bursa, Çankırı, Düzce, Eskişehir, Karabük, Sivas and Zonguldak provinces were surveyed by Durham trap which is using for Gravimetric method, and the results showed that Cladosporium Alternaria and Ustilago spores were dominant. For the identification of the spores collected in Adana, Ankara, Bursa, Diyarbakır, Kastamonu and Samsun provinces, volumetric method (Burkard and Lanzoni tarps) was used, which revealed that Cladosporium, Alternaria, Lep-tosphaeria, Periconia, Ustilago, Fusarium, Exosporium and Epicoccum spores were existing in the samples.

Keywords : Aerospores, fungi spores, gravimetric method, volumetric method, petri dishes cultivating method, Burkard trap, Durham trap, Turkey