Asthma Allergy Immunology

Asthma Allergy Immunology

2019, Vol 17, Num, 1     (Pages: 025-027)

Frequencies of Allergic Diseases Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Fatma AKPINAR 1, Günsel KUTLUK 2, Gülcan ÖZOMAY 3, Özgür YORBIK 4, Feyzullah ÇETINKAYA 5,

1 Department of Dermatology, Maltepe University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Pediatrics, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Pediatrics, Maltepe University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
4 Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Maltepe University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
5 Department of Pediatrics, Acıbadem International Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

DOI: 10.21911/aai.170
Viewed: 177
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Downloaded : 66

Objective: Allergic diseases and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect millions of children worldwide and the frequencies of these diseases are increasing. Although some genetic and environmental factors have been implicated, the exact reasons of this increase have not been determined yet. In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequencies of allergic diseases among children with ASD.

Materials and Methods: A questionnaire containing 23 questions related to asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and food allergy adapted from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was used and the questionnaires were filled out by the parents of children with ASD and controls.

Results: The study and control groups comprised 59 and 50 children respectively. Allergic rhinitis was diagnosed in 12%, atopic dermatitis in 10.1%, food allergy in 8.4% and asthma in 6.8% of the children with ASD; and 16%, 6%, 8% and 10.0% respectively in the control group.

Conclusion: These results suggest that frequency of allergic diseases among children with ASD are not different than controls.

Keywords : Autism spectrum disorders, asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergy, atopic dermatitis