Asthma Allergy Immunology

Asthma Allergy Immunology

2011, Vol 9, Num, 3     (Pages: 144-153)

Allergenic Plantago (plantain) pollen concentrations in Turkey

Adem BIÇAKÇI 1, Mustafa Kemal ALTUNOĞLU 2, Aycan TOSUNOĞLU 1, Ahmet AKKAYA 3, Hulusi MALYER 1, Nihat SAPAN 4,

1 Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, Bursa, Türkiye
2 Kafkas Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, Kars, Türkiye
3 Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Isparta, Türkiye
4 Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Çocuk Allerji Bilim Dalı, Bursa, Türkiye

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Objective: Pollen grains of the species belonging to Plantago genus cause some allergic diseases like allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis and allergic asthma on sensitive individuals.

Materials and Methods: In this study, monthly variation and annual proportions of Plantago pollen investigated for 62 atmospheric pollen studies in Turkey, which carried out by using Lanzoni/Burkard sampler with volumetric method or by using Durham sampler with gravimetric method. Furthermore, researches evaluated about Plantago pollen sensitivities, performed in Europe and our country.

Results: According to the atmospheric pollen studies, incidences of Plantago pollen grains are changing between 0.08 to 11.45% in respect of total pollen amount. Plantago pollen grains are seen in the atmosphere for a long period and present in high levels in may-june.

Conclusion: In the regions, atmospheric pollen studies have been prepared, Plantago pollen grains detected in the air in small amounts but for a long period. It should be considered that, Plantago pollen, which have important allergic effects, may cause symptoms on sensitive individuals especially between may-june, also in the other months.

Keywords : Plantago, plantain, pollen, allergy