Evaluation of the Clinical Features of Children Diagnosed with IgE-mediated Food Allergy

Authors

  • Mehmet Kılıç Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Children’s Health and Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig
  • Erdal Taşkın Division of Neonatology, Department of Children’s Health and Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig

Keywords:

Food allergy, child, IgE-mediated hypersensitivity, egg, milk, peanut

Abstract

Objective: The prevalence of food allergies diff ers among countries. In addition, data on allergic diseases that accompany food allergies are limited. We aimed to evaluate demographic, clinic, and phenotypic features in children diagnosed with IgE-mediated food allergies.

Materials and Methods: The charts for 186 children diagnosed with IgE-mediated food allergies at the allergy clinic between February 2008 and July 2013 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: The most common food allergies in the children were egg whites (49.2%), cow’s milk (42.3%), egg yolks (7.7%), peanuts (5.4%), soy (3.8%), hazelnuts (3.8%), sesame (3.8%), lentils (3.1%), and fi sh (3.1%). Isolated egg allergies were more common than isolated milk allergies in patients with asthma (p< 0.0001). Total IgE levels, peripheral eosinophil count, and history of gastrointestinal symptoms were higher in patients with multiple food allergies than in patients with mono-food allergies (p< 0.01, p= 0.015, p< 0.001, respectively). We found that the risk of developing asthma was 2.8- fold higher in patients diagnosed with food allergies and rhinitis (OR: 2.80, 95%; CI: 1.90-6.20; p= 0.01).

Conclusion: This study showed that the type, incidence, and clinical symptoms of IgE-mediated food allergies were heterogeneous.

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Published

2015-05-15

How to Cite

1.
Kılıç M, Taşkın E. Evaluation of the Clinical Features of Children Diagnosed with IgE-mediated Food Allergy. AAI [Internet]. 2015 May 15 [cited 2022 Jan. 24];13(1):6-14. Available from: https://aai.org.tr/index.php/aai/article/view/101

Issue

Section

Research Articles